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1851.] London Peace Congress, 169 

citizen who meets an offloer in the streets must take off /his hat, and keep it for 
a few mo.nents close by his side. That order was issued not five centuries agfo, 
in the time of Gesler and William Tell, but six Weeks ago, in the heart of Eu- 
ropean civilization. 

I am sorry to state that our most powerful military government has, by main 
force, shut the doors of the first Peace Society, established in Germany; but so 
well informed is the German ipind, that so unfair and unjust a proceeding has 
mightily contributed to promote the peace movement. lam still more, sorry to 
confess , that the holy cause of peace has not yet got, in Germany, such power- 
ful assistance from the pulpit as it ought to have, and as it seems to have in 
England and Amejica. The age is fast approaching when people will learn, 
that the maxim, "Love your neighbor as yourself," is not only a maxim, of 
ideal virtue, but must fiiid its way even into the science of government. 



We have no room for any further extracts ; but, besides the gentlemen whose 
speeches we have given in whole or in part, there were of course many others 
of no meail ability or slight distinction — such as M. JEmile be Gibabdin, 
Member of the French National Assembly, and sometimes called " the Napo- 
leon of French Journalists," whose paper, La Presse, is said to have the largest 
circulation of any in France, or in all Europe, who spoke briefly on two or three 
questions with much effect, but his remarks are very meagrely reported ; M. 
FrancIsqhe Bod vet, Member of the French National Assembly ; Dr. Scher- 
ER, of Vienna, whose bland countenance, sweet spirit, and brief but admirable 
speech, (which the Secretaries for prudential reasons abstained from reporting,) 
won all hearts; Dr. Beaomoht, representative of the Wesleyan Methodists in 
Great Britain, whose short address, delivered with a most startling degree of 
earnestness and energy, created a strong sensation; Rev. Dr. Massie, Secretary, 
of the Congregational Union for Home Missions, who made a. brief but cap- 
ital speech, and brought it to a very effective close by saying he was authorized, 
in the name of a friend, only a junior partner in a London house of business, to 
pledge $2,500 to a fund of $100,000, to enable Mr. Cobden to carry out his mo- 
tion for arbitration ; Rev. Henry H. Garret, a colored minister from Geneva, 
N. T., a man of decided talent, who made a very favorable impression; Charles 
HiitnLEY, M. P., and President of the London Peace Society; Rev. Henry 
Richard, its Secretary ; Joseph Stobge, Edward Smith, Samuel Bowley, 
andother Englishmen, widely known, and eminently distinguished for their tal- 
ents, philanthropy and influence, as well as others from- different countrieSj 
whose foreign dialect probably discouraged them from making set speeches. 

CLOSING ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT. 

In closing this Congress, allow me to congratulate you on the peace and or' 
der which have marked its proceedings. I have had o,ccasiori to attend many 
lairge puiilic meetings, and several in this Ha.ll; but I was never before present 
at a meeting when the Chairman was not even once called upon to exercise 
his authority over either the audience or the speaker. It is not a less agreeable 
source of congratulation, tliat the gentlemen to whpse eloquent and argumenta- 
tive-speeches we have listened with-so much pleasure, have never violated the 
regulations laid down for the guidance of the meeting, .and have never allowed 
their fi:elirigs to carry them out of their proper sphere of peaceful discussion 
into the field of political argument, within which we should at every step have 
been treading upon thorns. Although 1 had read much.and thought much, as 
all of you must have done, on the important topics to which our attention has 
been directed, I carry away from this Congress, as 1 trust all of you, do, many 
new views, and many new arguments in favor of universal peace. 



170 London Peace Congress. [Nov. 

But while you have yourselves been impressed with the deep importance of 
this cause, as the cause of humanity and religion, 1 hope you will regard it as a 
sacred duty to teach the lessbns of peace in your families, and to propagate 
them thrdughout the sphere over which your influence extends. It is only by 
enlisting the young in our service, and preserving their minds from the poison 
that lurks under their amusements, as well as under the prevailing system of 
education, that we can hope to attain the grand object at which we aim. 

To you, gentlemen, whose daily work it is to teach and exemplify the doc- 
trines of peace and charity, I need not offer any suggestions for your guidance ; 
but you will perhaps allow me to say that, while much may be done for our 
cause from the pulpit, more may be expected from the school. It is by the se- 
lection of proper teachers, and the choice of proper school books for the schools 
which you superintend, or over which you have any control, that you are most 
likely to diminish that admiration of military achievements which is so strong 
in the young, and which, when fostered by the poet and the historian, exercises 
such an influence in after life. Were our youth better instructed than they are 
in the popular departments of physical and natural science, subjects with which 
no deeds of heroism or personal adventure are associated ; and were every 
school to have a museum containing objects of natural history, and specimens 
of the fine and the useful arts, the amusements of the school would assume a 
different character, and the scholars would go into active life better fitted for 
those peaceful professions to which ere long they inust be confined. 

But there is still another class whose active interest in the cause of peace I 
would fain secure. If there are mothers in this assembly, as 1 can testify that 
there are fathers, whose sons have been sent, in the service of their country, to 
the regions of pestilence or of war, I need not solicit their assistance in propa- 
gating the doctrines of peace. They will proffer it in tears — in tears shed in 
the recollection of those anxious days in which they have followed in their haz- 
ardous career the objects of their deepest love, now sinking under a burning 
sun, now prostrate under tropical disease, now exposed to the sword of the 
enemy. If tiiere are others in the fair assemblage which graces this hall, whose 
sympathies have not yet been excited, and whose feelings have not been har- 
rowed by the calamities of war, I would implore their active exertions in our 
cause. About to become mothers themselves, they have much at stake in the 
question of peace or war; and, feeling as woman ever feels, a deep interest in 
the cause of humanity, 1 would solicit their gentle influence over those stronger 
and less susceptible natures with which their own is destined to blend. 

With the expression of this wish, I close our proceedings, trusting that we 
shall all meet again at our next Congress, with fresh zeal and ardor in the 
cause which we have so much at heart. 

A vote of thanks to the President, moved by the Hon. Horace Greeley, of 
New York, and seconded by James Kershaw, M P., was carried by acclama- 
tion ; and with a like vote of thanks to the Vice-Presidents and Secretaries, the 
Fifth Peace Coiigress closed its sessions. 

Soirees — were held on successive evenings by Mr. Hindlev, Mr. Cobden, 
and Mr. Joseph Stdrge; but the crowning one of all was the grand soiree 
given by the English Delegates to those from foreign countries at Willis' Hall, 
near St. James' Park, where about eight hundred met to interchange, in a manner 
not soon to be forgotten, their agreeable reminiscences of the Congress, and their 
parting salutations. It was an entertainment worthy in every respect of our 
English brethren, to whose zeal and liberality, from first to last, the eminent suc- 
cess of this Congress is mainly due. 



Funds. — As our standard tracts and volumes are nearly, some of them en- 
tirely, out of print, and as we must, if true to our cause at this juncture, make 
far greater efforts than ever to bring the subject of peace before our National 
Rulers early in the approaching session of Congress, there is just now very 



1851.] London Peace Congress. 171 

special need of liberal, sponlaneoua contributions from our friends. We say 
spontaneous, because the recent absence of our Secretary at the London Con- 
gress, and his partial inability, from an accident on his return voyage, to resume 
his usual labors in soliciting funds, make it more necessary than heretofore, 
that they should forward their donations without waiting for a call. 

Petitions to Congress on Peace. — By referring to our report of the Lon- 
don Congress, our readers will perceive that no statement of facts appeared to 
interest the more thoughtful friends of our cause so much as our Secretary's 
account of the manner in which our efforts last year to secure stipulated arbitra- 
tion as a substitute for war, were received by leading men at Washington. 
Here is a practical issue, one which all can see, and many will appreciate ; and 
it is highly important, that this point should, during the long session of Con- 
gress which is to begin in December, be pressed anew upon our rulers with in- 
creased urgency and zeal. For this purpose, the friends of peace should pre- 
pare in season to forward, from their respective localities all over the country, a 
much larger number of petitions to both Houses of Congress than they have 
ever yet done. For the form of petition, we would refer them to the Advocate 

one year ago ; or simply say, " The undersigned citizens of respectfully 

petition your Honorabje Body to lake measures for superseding War by stipulat- 
ed arbitration, or some other peaceful substitute." Let every petitioner sign tw9 
petitions — one to the Senate, the other to the House of Representatives. 

IfcS^ Accustomed to take no notice whatever of the repeated assaults upon our 
Society for several years past from similar quarters, we would just refer any who 
may be curious to ascertain the precise facts on the points about which " J. P. 
Blanchard " has lately issued a pamphlet, to the last six pages of our Advocate 
for August, viz , the statements in the Annual Report, unanimonsly adopted by 
our Directors at a regvlarly called meeting, as the Society's records testify, and 
the account of the disgraceful proceedings at our annual meeting, attested at 
the time as correct by no less thanjfjfieere gentlemen of unimpeachable veracity, 
who witnessed those proceedings. A man that presumes, on his sole memory 
two months after the occurrences, flatly to contradict the regular records of our 
Society, and the confident testimony of fifteen eye-witnesses on the spot, can 
hardly expect either belief or notice from men of sense. 

Receipts included in the Treasurer's Report for last year. 



Amsterdam, N.Y., collection $3 00 

Broadalbin, " " 1 35 

Guildford Centre, N.Y. " 3 00 

Peterboro' « « 7 47 

Morrisville, « « j 53 

Norwich, " " 3 66 

Coventryville, " " 73 

Madison, " " Congl. Ch. 5 27 

Hamilton, " " 1 12 

New Berlin, " « 1 

Ballston Centre," " Rev. R. Smith 100 

Johnstown, " D. Cady 1 00 

Galway, " Rev. E. S. Lane 1 00 
Coventry, " Rev.G.D.Phillips 1 00 
Mrs. Eliza Hoyt, in pt. to con. 
her son James Phillips Hoyt 

L. M. 10 00 11 00 

Oxford, Alvan Underwood 1 25 

Buskirk's Bridge, N.Y. , P. V. N. Morris 2 00 

Hennikex, N. H., N. Sanborn, 2 00 
Keene, N. H., N.P. Wheeler 2 00; Dan- 
iel Adams 2 00 ; A. Willard 2 00 ; 

others, 13 00 19 00 



Boston, J. W. Clary 2 50; Grant, Dan- 
iel & Co. 15 00 ; Samuel Apple- 
ton 50 00; John Field 10 00; A. 
Emerson 5 00 ; J. W. Converse 
5 00; Charles Sprague 5 00: 
James W. Gates, L. M. 20 00 112 50 
Poxborough, Otis Carey 5 00 

Medford, Galen James 5 00; Samuel 
Train 5 00 ; T. Magoun 5 00 ; J. 
O.Curtis 5 00; S. Kidder 5 00; 
Jotham Stetson 5 00; Paul Curtis 
4 00 ; Dudley Hall 5 00 ; A Friend 
3 00 42 00 

Brattleboro' West, Vt., col'n Cong. Ch. 3 00 
Cincinnati, O., Rev. A. A. Livermore 2 00 
Stoneham, Rev. William C. Whit- 

couB, L. M. 20 00 

Nashua, N. H., T. S. Gillies 5 00; D. 
Abbott 3 00 ; Hartshorn & Ames 
2 00 ; S. G. Bulfinch 2 00 ; others, 
in smaller sums, 8 00 20 OO 

Salem, Elizab. R. Nichols 2 00 ; Judge 
White 5 00 ; J. G. Chapman 2 00 ;